Saturday, August 29, 2015

What was The Seven Years War ?What were the effects of The Seven Years War ?

The Seven Years War, a global conflict known in America as the French and Indian War, officially begins when England declares war on France. However, fighting and skirmishes between England and France had been going on in North America for years.

In the early 1750s, French expansion into the Ohio River valley repeatedly brought France into armed conflict with the British colonies. In 1756--the first official year of fighting in the Seven Years War--the British suffered a series of defeats against the French and their broad network of Native American alliances. However, in 1757, British Prime Minister William Pitt recognized the potential of imperial expansion that would come out of victory against the French and borrowed heavily to fund an expanded war effort. Pitt financed Prussia's struggle against France and her allies in Europe and reimbursed the colonies for the raising of armies in North America.

By 1760, the French had been expelled from Canada, and by 1763 all of France's allies in Europe had either made a separate peace with Prussia or had been defeated. In addition, Spanish attempts to aid France in the Americas had failed, and France also suffered defeats against British forces in India.
The Seven Years War ended with the signing of the treaties of Hubertusburg and Paris in February 1763. In the Treaty of Paris, France lost all claims to Canada and gave Louisiana to Spain, while Britain received Spanish Florida, Upper Canada, and various French holdings overseas. The treaty ensured the colonial and maritime supremacy of Britain and strengthened the 13 American colonies by removing their European rivals to the north and the south. Fifteen years later, French bitterness over the loss of most of their colonial empire contributed to their intervention in the American Revolution on the side of the Patriots.

What were the  effects of  The Seven Years War  ?

The effects of the war helped propel the country of Britain into one of the world's leading colonial powers. In the time following the war, Britain took power over parts of Africa, India, America, Canada, the Middle East and many other significant territories in the world. If not for their victory in the Seven Years War, Britain would have never had the power to invade so many other countries. Our world has been remarkably shaped by Britain's conquests, and they are largely due to the impacts of the war.

The effects of the Seven Years' War can also be seen in India. The 1800's could have been a remarkably prosperous time for the country.  Britain took over India soon after the war ended and began a quite lengthy stretch of military rule that prevented India from progressing into the 20th century. The Seven Years' War was, in every way, a detriment to India's advances in government, politics and culture. If not for the war, India would be much better off today.

The history of the United States has also been grossly affected by the war, too. In the late 1700's, Britain took control over many parts of America that were once owned by the French. Because of their takeover, countless events have ocurred that never would have happened if not for the British. One example is the Revolutionary War, one of the most influential wars ever. If not for the Seven Years' War, and Britain's victory, America would be distinctly altered from what it is today.

Russia also owes much of it's  current status to the Seven Years' War. In the 1700's, Russia was fairly isolated from the rest of Europe, and therefore fell behind technologically. The war was their way of 'tuning in' to the western way of life. After the war ended, many of the wealthy Russian people had become distinctly European in culture. Therefore, a gap grew between the lower and upper-classes that have still not been filled entirely. If not for the Seven Years' War, Russian society would have been much more peaceful throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.

The Seven Years' War affected not only the people living in Europe during the war, but millions of others as time progressed. It is truly a historically significant event that has shaped lives, governments and countries to extreme degrees. The war played a crucial role in determining where we are today and where we'll be tomorrow. Concluding, if not for the Seven Years' War, our world would hardly resemble what it now, culturally, socially and governmentally.